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Showing posts from July, 2019

Introduction of Rock-cut Buddhist caves between 2nd century BCE - 5th century CE.

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During 2nd century BCE to 6th century CE in Deccan Plateau of Western Ghat a huge number of rock-cut caves were carving by the Buddhist monks mainly to stay during the monsoon time because due to continuous raining it was not possible to go in the surrounding villages for begging. 
The monsoon continues approximately for two and half years in Sahaydri range of Western Ghat, so they need a shelter to stay for this period. The huts made up of clay, bamboo and straw materials are not enough strong to withstand the water flows, hilly winds and constant rains. So, they decided to carve the solid basalt rocks into caves where they can stay permanently. Position wise they tried to find out that kind of hills those are getting direct morning lights from the Sun and opposite to the Arabian Sea, so the Indian monsoon current will flow from the back side of the hills.
In searching of these kind of hills they carved the rock-cut caves in a scattered area of Maharastra and these places were connecte…

The palatial bungalow: Shivappa Nayaka Palace

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Suddenly, Rajaram with his four confidants entered the court of Rani Chennamma in the palace and they were dressed in yellow Chivara, alike of  monks, searching for a safe shelter. It was the reign of Maratha emperor Rajaram Bhosle, the younger son of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj , was in hidden inside this palace as the Mughal Emperor Aurangazeb pursued him. Rani KitturChennamma, wife of Raja Mallasarja did a work against the official advice  and hid Rajaram inside the palace. After couple of days Aurangazeb somehow get to know that Rajaram was hiding inside the palace that belonged to Rani Chennamma. Immediately he sent his whole army to capture them. Somehow, Rajaram escaped from the palace and the queen's forces defeated all the Mughals who verged a war against her. 

I get to know the history behind the palace from the watchman of the palace and it was the from 17th century.


In heart of the Shimoga city,  there is an ancient palatial bungalow, known as Shivappa Nayaka Palace. The…

Sakrebailu Elephant Base Camp: Shimoga

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Ranga, Geeta, Ali, Manjuri..... every morning all of them used to come here, in the Tunga river to bathe. Actually they are the giant mammals, some of them are wild too, come to take their daily bath in the river and to have food. 






Sarda and Moti are too busy to play in the Tunga river. Moti propels Sarda and Sarda started to roll himself in the river. He just loves to take dive using his tusk in water and the throwing the back legs upwards. This is their favourite game, after that they will start to roam the camp area. But Manjuri pushed both of them towards the bank, with a bit anger gesture.


The place is Sakrebailu Elephant Base Camp beside NH-169 and 10 km far from the city Shimoga or Shivamogga. Shimogais a large city lies on the banks of the Tunga River at the central part of the Indian state Karnataka.



Legend says that Lord Shiva drank water from TungaRiver using a Mogge so the name Shivamogga derives.



It is also the gateway for the hilly region of the Western Ghat and surrounded b…

Let me take you to Rio: Rio de Janeiro

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Let me take you to Rio, Rio Fly on the ocean like an eagle, eagle Then we can chill in my gazebo, gazebo Oh, oh, oh, oh, nah, nah, nah

In 2011 when I was watching the animated filmRio and the place caught my attention. But that time it was not at all possible to visit the city of the country Brazil

The marvellous CLEANbeaches, a primitive tram line, the streetsports on Sunday when one side of city's road remains closed, beach volley, the aqueduct, yearlyoccurringcarnival, Christ the Redeemer and the scenic view of south Atlantic attracted me for a long time. In 2016, I got chance to move Brazil and apparently I complete my wish list of visiting Rio de Janeiro.



The phrase You are in Rio, you should enjoy it... it's worthy. A city of passion, good vibes, nature's open arm welcome, sports, activities, history .... all are there.


The derivation of Rio de Janeiro is River of January and its famous as the name simple Rio. It is capital of the state of Rio de Janeiro and the 2nd most …